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FCE - Writing

 
  Useful Phrases - Discursive Composition  
  Introducing the first point in a list of points
  • First, ...
  • Firstly, ...
  • First of all, ...
  • To start with, ...
  • To begin with, ...
 
  Introducing a further point in a list of points
  • Secondly, ...
  • Thirdly, ...
  • Moreover, ...
  • Furthermore, ...
  • In addition, ...
  • What is more, ...
  • Apart from that, ...
  • Also, ...
  • Another point to be made is that ...
 
  Introducing a final point in a list of points
  • Finally, ...
  • Lastly, ...
 
  Presenting two (dis)advantages together
  • ... not only ...
  • But ...
  • Also ...
 
  Presenting two opposing points of view
  • On the other hand, ...
  • On the one hand, ...
 
  Expressing results
  • For this reason, ...
  • Because of this, ...
  • As a result, ...
  • Therefore, ...
  • Thus, ...
 
  Expressing contrast
  • However
  • But
  • Although
  • Though
  • Even though
  • In spite of
  • Despite
  • Nevertheless
  • In contrast to this, ...
 
  Giving examples
  • For example
  • For instance
  • Such as
  • Like
 
  Expressing your opinion
  • In my opinion ...
  • As I see it, ...
  • To my mind, ...
  • I believe (that) ...
  • As far as I'm concerned, ...
  • In my view ...
 
  Expressing someone else's opinion
  • Some people believe (that) ...
  • According to ...
  • It is said (that) ...
 
  Introducing a conclusion
  • To conclude, ...
  • In conclusion, ...
  • To sum up, ...
  • In summary, ...
 
  Conclusion
  • The advantage of ... outweigh the disadvantages