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|Llama - Lama glama|
Llamas are a very popular pack animal in the Andes, its also used
for fiber and meat production.
Llamas can weigh between 120 and 200 kilograms and usually measure between 1,6 and 1,9 metres high.
These friendly herd animals are also very intelligent and can repeat simple tasks when taught, they belong to the camelid family.
Their ears are quite long and slightly curved which makes most people call them "banana" shaped. They don't have a dorsal hump.
Llama females reach puberty at about 1 year of age although the males do not reach puberty until they are about 3 years of age.
They make in a lying down position and the mating ritual usually lasts between 15 and 40 minutes.
Gestation in llamas lasts about 11 1/2 months, baby llamas are called crias.
In the wild llamas feed basically on grasses and small plants, in captivity there is a large variety of commercial food products prepared for these animals.
When the llama has been well-socialized they are very friendly animals and keep very close to humans, they are extremelly intelligent and curious animals although some animals can be very aggressive towards humans. The socialized speciments rarelly spit at humans although they may spit at each other.
When llamas are scared they will hold their ears back. When they are mating they produce a sound called "orgle" which is a type of gargling.
Llama fibre is used for a large number of products, their fine undercoat is used for fine clothes sucks as scarves and for handicrafts, the coarser outercoat is used to make rugs, wall-hangings or ponchos.
Llama fibres come in a wide range of colours; black, grey, white, brown, reddish brown, dark brown ...